Children with gene defects are a risk group for the development of abnormalities of the cardiovascular system




children, gene defects, congenital abnormalities of the heart, congenital abnormalities of the blood vessels


To date, the prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHD), the level of disability and mortality from them in children remains an unsolved problem in pediatrics, despite the improvement of preventive measures, diagnostics and treatment in pediatric cardiology. There are a number of genetic diseases that are manifested by congenital anomalies of the cardiovascular system.

Purpose - to analyze the abnormalities of the cardiovascular system in children with gene defects for the early diagnosis of genetic diseases in patients and the detection of congenital pathology of the heart and blood vessels in them, followed by their treatment tactics.

This article describes a number of genetic syndromes in children, in which congenital anomalies of the heart and blood vessels are the most common. The characteristics of each of the syndromes include its definition, clinical symptoms with an emphasis on the external signs of the patient, the study of abnormalities of the cardiovascular system in this genetic disease, the examination plan for the patient and genetic testing used for the accuracy of the diagnosis.

Conclusions. Based on the results of our analysis, we can conclude that there is a certain regularity between genetic diseases in children and the development of CHD in them, according to which certain CHD are formed with certain gene defects. Knowledge of the main clinical symptoms, especially external dysmorphism, in such patients helps in faster diagnosis and treatment of a genetic disease, in particular CHD.

The research was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. The study protocol was approved by the Local Ethics Committee of the participating institution. The informed consent of the patient was obtained for conducting the studies.

No conflict of interests was declared by the authors.


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