Clinical features of menstrual disorders associated with psychopathology




disorders of menstrual function, adolescent girls, psychopathology, physical development, sexual development, menarche


The health of the younger generation is a public value. Today, the state of health of teenage girls is of particular concern due to its progressive deterioration.

Purpose - to study the features of the clinical course of menstrual function disorders in adolescent girls with comorbid mental health disorders.

Materials and methods. 154 girls aged 11-17 were examined with menstrual cycle disorders (77 with oligomenorrhea (OM) and 77 with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB)). Assessment of physical and sexual development, age of menarche was carried out. Depending on the examination by a psychiatrist, all girls with OM and AUB were divided into groups: without deviations in mental status, with anxiety-phobic disorders and depressive states.

Results. It was found that the average growth indicators were probably higher in girls with OM in relation to adolescents with AUB, especially in the presence of psychopathology. The use of BMI did not reveal a significant difference when comparing patients with OM and AUB. Abnormalities of sexual development were probably more often registered in patients with AUB, with its advance, this acquired a significant difference (p˂0.01) and depended on both body mass index (BMI) and psychopathology. If the percentage of patients with disorders of sexual development did not differ depending on psychopathology in girls with AUB, then in adolescents with OM, the specific weight of girls with abnormalities of sexual development increased with the appearance of psychopathology. The average age of menarche was significantly lower in patients with AUB compared to patients with OM (p˂0.003). Early menarche was more typical for AUB. Much more often in adolescents with AUB, it was registered with normative fluctuations of BMI and its excess, as well as with anxiety-phobic disorders both with AUB and OM.

Conclusions. The analysis of the conducted studies indicates reliable differences regarding the clinical course of menstrual function disorders by the type of OM and AUB with comorbid psychopathology. It was established that there are significant differences in such indicators as growth, puberty, time of menarche, which depended on the type of menstrual disorders and comorbid psychopathology.

The research was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. The study protocol was approved by the Local Ethics Committee of participating institution. The informed consent of the patient was obtained for conducting the studies.

No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.


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