Optimization of pneumonia complex therapy in children with acute respiratory diseases
Keywords:children with recurrent acute respiratory infections, pneumonia, treatment
Purpose — to improve the pathogenetic treatment of pneumonia in children with recurrent acute respiratory infections by combining of protocol therapy with a drug has antioxidant, antihypoxic and organoprotective effects.
Materials and methods. The analysis of the results of clinical, laboratory and instrumental methods of examination of children with pneumonia at the age of 3–8 years which have recurrent acute respiratory infections has performed. Children have had received standard protocol treatment of pneumonia and combination with a drug has antioxidant, antihypoxic and organoprotective effects.
Results. Optimization the protocol treatment of pneumonia in children with recurrent acute respiratory infections by supplementing pathogenetic therapy with this drug made possible to improve the efficiency of treatment, what confirmed by the rapid regression of clinical manifestations of pneumonia (intoxication — to 1.9±0.04 days, cough — to 2.1±0.08 days, respiratory failure — to 1.7±0.08 days, shortness of breath — to 1.3±0.04 days, disorders of microcirculation and hemodynamics — to 2.1±0.05 and 1.8, respectively ± 0.09 days). This approach calls the decrease of percentage of children with pneumonic infiltration according to the control X-ray examination of the lungs — to 30.0%, myocardial hypoxia according to the ECG results — 20.0%, which made possible to reduce the duration of the course of antibiotic therapy to 2.0±0.04 days, inpatient treatment — to 2.2±0.08 bed-days. The positive dynamics laboratories values, clinical signs and instrumental methods of examination of such children occurred due to an increasing levels of glutathione reductase and glutathione transferase in the blood serum to 4 and 3 times, respectively, and a decreasing the content of glutathione peroxidase and gamma$glutamyl transpeptidase to 2.6 and 1.6 times.
Conclusions. Supplement the protocol therapy of pneumonia in children with recurrent acute respiratory infections with a drug has antioxidant, antihypoxic and organoprotective effects promoted a rapid regression of clinical manifestations due to the improvement of the functional activity of the oxidative system of glutathione, which made possible to reduce the duration of the course of antibiotic therapy and inpatient treatment.
The research was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki declaration. The study protocol was approved by the Local ethics committee of all participating institution. The informed consent of the patient was obtained for conducting the studies.
No conflict of interest was declared by the author.
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