Colposcopic and cytological parallels in pregnant women with a history of infertility of various genesis
Keywords:pathology of the cervix, pregnancy after infertility, video colposcopy, cytology
The state of the cervix was studied in pregnant women with a history of infertility of various genesis by colposcopic and cytological research methods. The data obtained indicate an increased level of precancerous pathology of the cervix in pregnant women with a history of tubo-peritoneal and concomitant infertility, compared with pregnant women who had endocrine infertility.
Purpose — to determine the relationship between the nature and severity of colpocoscopic and cytological changes in the cervix in pregnant women who had a history of infertility.
Materials and methods. 101 women were examined: 14 pregnant women with a history of endocrine infertility, group 1; 27 pregnant women with a history of tuboperitoneal infertility — group 2; 40 pregnant women, had combined infertility — group 3, 20 healthy pregnant women with no history of infertility — group 4.
Methods for assessing the state of the cervix in pregnant women — video colposcopic and cytological (on glass).
Results. Normal cytological changes (NILM) were found: in group 1–8 (57.2%), in group 2 — in 15 (55.6%), in group 3 — in 23 (57.5%), in group 4, 14 (70.0%) pregnant women. Benign cytological and ASCUS signs were: in group 1 — in 5 (35.7%), in group 2 — in 6 (22.2%), in group 3 — in 10 (25.0%), in group 4 — in 5 (25%) patients. Precancer (LSIL+HSIL): in group 1 — in 1 (7.1%), in group 2 — in 6 (22.2%), in group III — in 9 (22.5%) women, and in group 4, no precancers were found cytologically.
Normal colposcopic signs (stratified squamous epithelium) were found: in group 3 — in 11 (27.5%), in group 2 — in 8 (29.6%), and in group 1 — in 7 (50.0%) pregnant women. And benign colposcopic changes (ectopia, open glands, Nabotovi cysts, deciduosis): in group 3 — in 19 (47.5%), in group 2 — in 16 (59.3%), in group 1 — in 6 (42.9%), in group 4 — in 5 (35.7%) patients.
Our data indicate that precancers during colposcopy occurred: in group 3 — in 9 (22.5%), in group 2 — in 3 (11.1%), in group 1 — in 1 (7.1%), in group 4 — in 1 (5.0%) women. No colposcopic signs of invasive growth were found in any of the groups.
Conclusions. The study revealed an increased level of precancerous pathology of the cervix in pregnant women with a history of tubo-peritoneal and concomitant infertility. A fairly high percentage of precancerous conditions of the cervix in group 2 — in 6 (22.2%) and in group 3 — in 9 (22.5%) women indicates that in the presence of Human papillomavirus (HPV) and other genital infections and with increasing age, the probability self-elimination of the papilloma virus is reduced.
After long-term infertility treatment, all pregnant women must undergo a colposcopic examination at the first visit to the antenatal clinic, in addition to taking a cytological smear.
If LSIL and HSIL are found in this category of women, colposcopic and cytological control once every 3 months during pregnancy with mandatory HPV PCR HCR.
The research was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki declaration. The study protocol was approved by the Local ethics committee of all participating institution. The informed consent of the patient was obtained for conducting the studies.
No conflict of interest was declared by the author.
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